Showing posts with label Vatican III. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Vatican III. Show all posts

Thursday, March 19, 2009

Session One Dogmatic Constitution of the Catholic Church of the Ecumenical Council of Vatican III

Session One
-The Third Ecumenical Council of the Vatican -
DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH

The Catholic Church is one, this one true Catholic Church, whose members consists, on this earth, of those who profess the same Christian faith and eligible to receive all the sacraments, under the rule of the legitimate pastor, the one Vicar of Christ on earth --also known as the Pope,(Note 1)  Canon 1 and all members of it are subject to him in faith, morals, and Church discipline. (Note 2) Canon 2

The Church is one. There is no division. Although, as a courtesy and an act of charity, the Church has bestowed the term Christian on all those validly baptized outside the Church--that is, who do not recognize the Catholic Church's Divine Authority, this does not mean the Church is divided in anyway. We do not believe in a federation of churches which include other denominations or a "mere Christianity" as though some Christian doctrines can be denied by anyone and remain a member of the Catholic Church.(Note 3) Canon 3

2. This Council proclaims absolutely that membership in the Catholic Church is necessary for salvation and only validly baptized persons, which
hold the True Faith; those incapable of cognitive assent to Faith, the Sacrament of Baptism provides this Faith by this sacrament, and are members of the Catholic Church. Those who have been alienated from this same Church by 1.) the sin of heresy, 2.) the sin of schism, or 3.) the censure of excommunication are not members.(Note 4)
Canon 4 

Those who are validly baptized as young children in non-Catholic denominations are members of the Catholic Church (Note 5) but after having reached the age of discernment, if or when they assent to heresy and/or schism of their respective denominations, even though justified by Baptism in infancy, they separate themselves from the body of the Church, and they lose the habit of faith, thus are consequently out of the way of salvation. (Note 6)
In individual cases, of those validly baptized, however in numbers known only to God,  they might not be guilty of the sin/s of heresy and/or schism, owing to "invincible ignorance"( non-culpible ignorance) of the true Faith, Canon 5 in these cases they may belong to the Catholic Church by desire, provided they put no obstacle of the will to the authority of the Vicar of Christ, and are open to obey God in things revealed for salvation such as being free from all mortal sin, and believe explicitly the mysteries of the faith which are necessary by a necessity of means, especially the mysteries of the Trinity and the Incarnation for salvation. (Note 7)
Canon 6 Nevertheless this is no reason to assume ignorance of the Catholic Faith is a benefit to anyone to salvation, quite the opposite is true. (Note 8)

A person is not guilty of the sin of infidelity, i.e. the sin of NOT joining the Church, if that person does not know of the Catholic Church, but ignorance does not bestow Sanctifying Grace, also because all are sinners and having no means to acquire Sanctifying Grace outside the Body of Christ, as it was defined by
Pope Boniface VIII, of happy memory, in Unam Sanctam, (1302 AD):
“With Faith urging us we are forced to believe and to hold the one, holy, Catholic Church and that, apostolic, and we firmly believe and simply confess this Church outside of which there is no salvation nor remission of sin."
 
They who are lost because they did not know the necessity of joining the Church are lost to hell for other mortal sin/s not forgiven, either their own actual mortal sin/s or only Original Sin but to punishments of different kinds. (Note 9) 
 These people's lives of sin in fact formed a resistance to the providence of God, Who wanted their salvation, but not outside the means of being a member of the Catholic Church, by True Faith and Baptism. 
Human beings dying before the age of discernment without Baptism are excluded from the Beatific Vision and suffer only this loss and are not tormented with pain or suffering, often referred to in a wholesome piety as Limbo of Infants. Therefore the only hope for all human beings to attain heaven and see God in the Face after the age of discernment and or older people, since the birth of the Church on Pentecost, is the Sacrament of Baptism and True Faith. Canon 7 (Note 10)


3.The Church of Christ is absolutely identified, since Pentecost, with the Mystical Body of Christ, the People of God, the family of God, Messianic People, kingdom of God, Roman Catholic Church, or simply the Catholic Church, which are all different titles of the same true Church of Jesus Christ Our Lord and Savior, under the authority of the Vicar of Christ, i.e. Bishop of Rome. There is no distinction to be made between the Mystical Body and the Catholic Church. The Mystical Body is considered as a comparison to Christ’s physical body, where Jesus Christ is the Head and we the members. (Note 11)
The Church is visible society on this earth. (Note 12)
The soul of the Church is the Holy Spirit, Her head Jesus Christ and Her body are her members, so as the soul functions only in the body, so Sanctifying Grace only functions within its living members of the Catholic Church since the proclamation of the Gospel. (Note 13)


4.Absolute requirements for belonging to the Catholic Church and the Mystical Body of Christ, since the time of Pentecost, are 1.) the reception of the sacramental mark of Baptism--which is only given in the Sacrament of Baptism, which is with real water,and by this mark one is made eligible to receive all the other sacraments 2.) at the
age of discernment one should have an implicit acceptance or profess all the truths which are taught by the Church as pertaining to Faith and Morals, and 3.) that one not oppose the authority of the Vicar of Christ to rule as the visible head of the Church and all authoritatively taught.(Note 14)
If any one of these three conditions is failing, one cannot be a member of the Catholic Church.Canon 8 Those souls in Purgatory or Heaven since the proclamation the Gospel, i.e. Pentecost, who also meet these conditions are true members of the Catholic Church.(Note 15)


5.The Catholic Church is the only Church of Christ, it is the only Ark of salvation.(Note 16)
No other church, religion or belief has the effective means to bring people to heaven. While it is true that some certain elements of the truth exist outside the Church, both natural and supernatural, and in some cases valid sacraments, these elements outside the Catholic Church are ineffective direct means to heaven (Note 17)
but can be means of Actual Graces to lead souls to the true Church of Christ, which is the Catholic Church, Canon 9 because these elements are mixed with poisonous false doctrines, which if believed with pride and stubbornness, will necessarily lead to hell. All elements of truth lead eventually to the Church which Christ established in the world as the only road of salvation by Our Lord but outside this Church any or all these elements of truth are not sufficient or effective for salvation in themselves separated from the Church of Christ. The only way in which people who adhere to these false religions can avoid the inevitable result of going to hell, is if they seek the true God and Divine Faith, God will fulfill their desire by leading them to the Catholic Church and True Faith which holds for them the justification of their souls and perseverance in grace, outside of this Church no one absolutely can be saved. Canon 10 Divine Providence provides for every man that which is necessary for salvation. "Behold, the LORD’S hand is not so short that it cannot save" (Isaiah 59:1); Since the proclamation of the Gospel,those people of good will that live in invincible ignorance of the Catholic Church and who have not received the Sacrament of Baptism can be saved, only if they follow the Actual Graces by which God leads them to join the Catholic Church and receive the Sacrament of Baptism before they die. God Himself will show them what is necessary to join the Catholic Church for salvation, either by inspiration or sending an Angel (Acts 10:4) or a teacher to them.(Acts 8: 26) (Note 18)
. Canon 11

6. Catholics must follow the law of Charity when dealing with those inside or and outside the Catholic Church.-"By this shall all men know, that you are My disciples, if you love one another." (John 13: 35). Kindness is the first word that the Apostle St. Paul uses to define Love (1Cor. 13:3-5 ), so too this is our method of action when dealing with everyone. Non-Catholics are not to be despised by Catholics because of their lack of faith as it is written:"In everything set them an example by doing what is good. In your teaching show integrity, seriousness and soundness of speech that cannot be condemned, so that those who oppose you may be ashamed because they have nothing bad to say about us." (Tit. 2: 7-8)

7.The Catholic Church is the witnesses to the Faith and protects it. No one, not even the Vicar of Christ, who is Her guardian on this earth, can change any doctrines or morals which Christ Himself has established. When the Vicar of Christ, or any Ecumenical Council approved of by him, defines a dogma ex cathedra, i.e. makes a definition of what must be believed, they are only clearifying what has always been believed as Divinely Revealed, since the death of the last Apostle, there is no evolution of dogma ((Note 19)
These definitions should be used to shed light and to understand even the infallable ordinary univeral magisterium better because they are of a higher authority. (Note 20)
The dogmas the Church holds are revealed truths, which have fallen from heaven by the grace of Our Lord Jesus Christ. They are not interpretation of religious facts which the human mind has acquired by laborious series of effort from the little germ latent in the Gospel, often refered to as a develpoment of doctrine.(Note 21)
Canon 12

They error greatly who interpret dogma in light of modern historical research or even dare to misuse the Ordinary Magisterum to understand dogmatic definitions in a different sense or a different way as when they were first defined, sometimes claiming a development of doctrine, which is, in reality, nothing but the corruption of dogmas, since there can be no contradiction in Church doctrine. Faith does not rest on a mass of probabilities but the Faith is the Divine Revealation of Our Lord Jesus Christ, which is clearly presented by His Church for believers in Her definitions. (see again Canon 12; Notes 19, 20,& 21)[ed.-Understanding Revelation will be dealt with more in depth in a following session]

8. The meaning of a dogma is what the words themselves state and declare and no other.
No dogma has suffered more from this error: interpreting dogma, than the thrice defined dogma of no salvation outside the Church. This council hopes to correct for all time this modern error, so we finish this session by proclaiming, pronouncing and defining the following three definitions below from the documents of: the Fourth Lateran Council, 1215, the Bull Unam Sanctam, 1302 and the Bull Cantate Domino,1441, are to be understood literally and in the clear sense of how they were written, as defined dogmas, as all definitions should be (Note 22):


* “There is but one universal Church of the faithful, outside which no one at all is saved.” (Pope Innocent III, Fourth Lateran Council, 1215.)

* ““With Faith urging us we are forced to believe and to hold the one, holy, Catholic Church and that, apostolic, and we firmly believe and simply confess this Church outside of which there is no salvation nor remission of sin… We declare, say, define, and pronounce that it is absolutely necessary for the salvation of every human creature to be subject to the Roman Pontiff.” (Pope Boniface VIII, the Bull Unam Sanctam, 1302.)

* “The most Holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and preaches that none of those existing outside the Catholic Church, not only pagans, but also Jews and heretics and schismatics, can have a share in life eternal; but that they will go into the eternal fire which was prepared for the devil and his angels, unless before death they are joined with Her; and that so important is the unity of this ecclesiastical body that only those remaining within this unity can profit by the sacraments of the Church unto salvation, and they alone can receive an eternal recompense for their fasts, their almsgivings, their other works of Christian piety and the duties of a Christian soldier. No one, let his almsgiving be as great as it may, no one, even if he pour out his blood for the Name of Christ, can be saved, unless he remain within the bosom and the unity of the Catholic Church.” (Pope Eugene IV, the Bull Cantate Domino, 1441.)

Canon 1
If anyone says that there is another church or religion that a person can be a member of and attain the beatific vision, outside of communion and membership of the Catholic Church and not hold this same Divine Faith whole and entire or not be subject to the Vicar of Christ. Let that one be anathema.

Canon 2
If anyone says that those who are not baptized are members of the Catholic Church and/or that heretics or schematics who have reach the age of discernment  and have participated in and/or assent to any other church, religion or belief of any kind that is not the Catholic Faith or denied any dogma of the Catholic Faith, are in some way members of this same Catholic Church. Let that one be anathema.

Canon 3

If anyone says that the Church is divided or that it will be unified in a future time or in anyway believes the Catholic Church is not one. Let that one be anathema.

Canon 4
If anyone says that invincible ignorance suffices for salvation and the sacrament of Baptism, and that true Divine Faith are not necessary for salvation or those who are not members of the Church before they die can be saved. Let that one be anathema

Canon 5

If anyone twist membership in the Church to mean that a valid Sacramental Baptism is not necessary, and that such a person need not hold and believe the entire Catholic Faith and understand it the way the Church has always understood it -e.g. Athanasian Creed, Nicea Creed, or the Creed of Vatican I; or that anyone can attain membership in the Church after Pentecost by desire or by blood i.e. martyrdom for Jesus Christ, without receiving the Sacrament of Baptism. Let that one be anathema

Canon 6

If anyone says that a person can be in Sanctifying Grace outside of membership to the Catholic Church or twist the meaning of belonging to the membership of the Catholic Church as to mean membership can be unconscious for those reaching the
age of discernment and/or to those who do not believe in Jesus Christ in the way the Church has always believed in him; that is true God, true Man and Savior of the Human race or not to be subject to His Vicar--The Holy Father and Bishop of Rome, in the seat of St. Peter. Let that one be anathema

Canon 7

If anyone says that any human being can achieve the Beatific Vision, without receiving the Sacrament of Baptism. Let that one be anathema.

Canon 8

If anyone says that the Sacrament of Baptism, which is done with natural water, is not necessary for membership in the Catholic Church or that so called "baptism of desire" or "baptism of blood," without this sacrament, can give sanctifying grace outside the Church or make one a member of the Catholic Church; or that the Grace of Divine Faith is not necessary to be a member of the Catholic Church, which is received in the Sacrament of Baptism; or that subjection to the Vicar of Christ i.e. the Roman Pontiff is not necessary; or that all three of the preceding conditions of: the Sacrament of Baptism, Divine Faith, and subjection to the Vicar of Christ are not necessary for membership in the Catholic Church and eternal salvation. Let that one be anathema.

Canon 9

If anyone says that Sanctifying Grace is available to those outside the Catholic Church and Faith or that Actual Grace can not accompany elements of truth outside the Church, or that these Actual Graces do not have as their goal to bring souls to be members of the True Church--i.e. the Catholic Church. Let that one be anathema.

Canon 10

If anyone says that elements of truth or sacraments that are found in other denominations, religions, philosophy or other world views outside the Catholic Church can be effective to bring salvation without being a member of the Catholic Church. Let that one be anathema.


Canon 11

If anyone says that God's providence is to be subject to probability or that we can fully understand the mystery of His salvific plan in this life on earth. Let that one be anathema


Canon 12

If anyone says dogmatic statements defining a doctrine by Council or Ex-Cathedra statements by the Vicar of Christ, either their notion, reality, and expression can be developed and perfected,that is the meaning of the words used in any defined doctrine can be interpreted or the meaning of the exact words used in a different sense in which it has been defined by the Church. Let that one be anathema.


©copyright 2009 by "The Catholic Vox--the call for Vatican III." Catholics for Truth -- all rights reserved

Official Notes of the Third Ecumenical Vatican Council's Dogmatic Constitution of the Catholic Church

These notes should be considered part of this Third Vatican Ecumenical Council and shows the continuity of Our Faith. By no means are these notes exhaustive but they establish a clearer meaning of the Church's teaching.



Note 1

a.)“Therefore, ‘without a doubt, they will perish forever, unless they hold the Catholic faith whole and inviolate”(Athanasian Creed)

b.) Pope Innocent III, Fourth Lateran Council, Constitution 1, 1215:
“There is indeed one universal Church of the faithful, outside of which nobody at all is saved, in which Jesus Christ is both priest and sacrifice.”

c.) Pope Eugene IV, Council of Florence, Sess. 8, Nov. 22, 1439:
“Whoever wishes to be saved, needs above all to hold the Catholic faith; unless each one preserves this whole and inviolate, he will without a doubt perish in eternity.”

d.) Pope Gregory XVI, Summo Iugiter Studio, May 27, 1832, # 5:
"You know how zealously Our predecessors taught that very article of faith which these dare to deny, namely the necessity of the Catholic faith and of unity for salvation. The words of that celebrated disciple of the apostles, martyred St. Ignatius, in his letter to the Philadelphians are relevant to this matter: "Be not deceived, my brother; if anyone follows a schismatic, he will not attain the inheritance of the kingdom of God.
"Moreover, St. Augustine and the other African bishops who met in the Council of Cirta in the year 412 explained the same thing at greater length:"Whoever has separated himself from the Catholic Church, no matter how laudably he lives, will not have eternal life, but has earned the anger of God because of this one crime: that he abandoned his union with Christ." Omitting other appropriate passages which are almost numberless in the writings of the Fathers, We shall praise St. Gregory the Great who expressly testifies that this indeed is the teaching of the Catholic Church. He says:

"The holy universal Church teaches that it is not possible to worship God truly except in her and asserts that Official acts of the Church proclaim the same dogma. Thus, in the decree on faith which Innocent III published with the synod of Lateran IV, these things are written: "There is one universal Church of all the faithful outside of which no one is saved." Finally the same dogma is also expressly mentioned in the profession of faith proposed by the Apostolic See, not only that which all Latin churches use, but also that which the Greek Orthodox Church uses and that which other Eastern Catholics use. We did not mention these selected testimonies because We thought you were ignorant of that article of faith and in need of Our instruction. Far be it from Us to have such an absurd and insulting suspicion about you. But We are so concerned about this serious and well known dogma, which has been attacked with such remarkable audacity, that We could not restrain Our pen from reinforcing this truth with many testimonies."

e.) First Vatican Council--Chapter 3. On the power and character of the primacy of the Roman pontiff:
#2. Wherefore we teach and declare that, by divine ordinance,the Roman church possesses a pre-eminence of ordinary power over every other church, and that this jurisdictional power of the Roman pontiff is both episcopal and immediate. Both clergy and faithful, of whatever rite and dignity, both singly and collectively, are bound to submit to this power by the duty of hierarchical subordination and true obedience, and this not only in matters concerning faith and morals, but also in those which regard the discipline and government of the church throughout the world.
#4. This is the teaching of the catholic truth, and no one can depart from it without endangering his faith and salvation.

f.) Vatican II--- Lumen Gentium:
#14. This Sacred Council wishes to turn its attention firstly to the Catholic faithful. Basing itself upon Sacred Scripture and Tradition, it teaches that the Church, now sojourning on earth as an exile, is necessary for salvation.



Note 2

a.) Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam, Nov. 18, 1302,:
“With Faith urging us we are forced to believe and to hold the one, holy, Catholic Church and that, apostolic, and we firmly believe and simply confess this Church outside of which there is no salvation nor remission of sin Furthermore, we declare, say, define, and proclaim to every human creature that they by absolute necessity for salvation are entirely subject to the Roman Pontiff.”

b.) Council of Florence SESSION 6: 6 July 1439:
We also define that the holy apostolic see and the Roman pontiff holds the primacy over the whole world and the Roman pontiff is the successor of blessed Peter prince of the apostles, and that he is the true vicar of Christ, the head of the whole church and the father and teacher of all Christians, and to him was committed in blessed Peter the full power of tending, ruling and governing the whole church, as is contained also in the acts of ecumenical councils and in the sacred canons.

c.)The First Vatican Council Chapter 3 :
To him( Roman Pontiff), in blessed Peter, full power has been given by our lord Jesus Christ to tend, rule and govern the universal church.

d.) Ecclesiam Suam, Pope Paul VI, August 6, 1964 # 8:
We bear the responsibility of ruling the Church of Christ because we hold the office of Bishop of Rome and consequently the office of Successor to the Blessed Apostle Peter, the bearer of the master keys to the Kingdom of God,
the Vicar of the same Christ who made of him the supreme shepherd of His worldwide flock.


Note 3


a.) Pope Innocent III, Fourth Lateran Council, Constitution 1, 1215, ex cathedra:
"There is indeed one universal Church of the faithful, outside of which nobody at all is saved, in which Jesus Christ is both priest and sacrifice.”

b.) Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam, Nov. 18, 1302, ex cathedra:
“With Faith urging us we are forced to believe and to hold the one, holy, Catholic Church and that, apostolic, and we firmly believe and simply confess this Church outside of which there is no salvation nor remission of sin… Furthermore, we declare, say, define, and proclaim to every human creature that they by absolute necessity for salvation are entirely subject to the Roman Pontiff.”

c.) Pope Leo X, Fifth Lateran Council, Session 11, Dec. 19, 1516:
“For, regulars and seculars, prelates and subjects, exempt and non-exempt, belong to the one universal Church, outside of which no one at all is saved, and they all have one Lord and one faith.”

d.) Pope Pius IX, Ubi primum , June 17, 1847,# 10:
“For ‘there is one universal Church outside of which no one at all is saved; it contains regular and secular prelates along with those under their jurisdiction, who all profess one Lord, one faith and one baptism.”


e.) SATIS COGNITUM-ON THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH- POPE LEO XIII 1896:

#4. It is so evident from the clear and frequent testimonies of Holy Writ that the true Church of Jesus Christ is one, that no Christian can dare to deny it. But in judging and determining the nature of this unity many have erred in various ways. Not the foundation of the Church alone, but its whole constitution, belongs to the class of things effected by Christ's free choice. For this reason the entire case must be judged by what was actually done. We must consequently investigate not how the Church may possibly be one, but** how He, who founded it, willed that it should be one. But when we consider what was actually done we find that Jesus Christ did not, in point of fact, institute a Church to embrace several communities similar in nature, but in themselves distinct, and lacking those bonds which render the Church unique and indivisible after that manner in which in the symbol of our faith we profess: "I believe in one Church." "The Church in respect of its unity belongs to the category of things indivisible by nature, though heretics try to divide it into many parts...We say, therefore, that the Catholic Church is unique in its essence, in its doctrine, in its origin, and in its excellence...Furthermore, the eminence of the Church arises from its unity, as the principle of its constitution - a unity surpassing all else, and having nothing like unto it or equal to it" (S. Clemens Alexandrinus, Stronmatum lib. viii., c. 17). For this reason Christ, speaking of the mystical edifice, mentions only one Church, which he calls His own - "I will build my church; " any other Church except this one, since it has not been founded by Christ, cannot be the true Church. This becomes even more evident when the purpose of the Divine Founder is considered. For what did Christ, the Lord, ask? What did He wish in regard to the Church founded, or about to be founded? This: to transmit to it the same mission and the same mandate which He had received from the Father, that they should be perpetuated. This He clearly resolved to do: this He actually did. "As the Father hath sent me, I also send you" (John xx., 21). "Ad thou hast sent Me into the world I also have sent them into the world" (John xvii., 18).
**
[ed.-- possible mis-translation, should be "or" not" but" since "but" is followed in the next major clause and the phase in question seems to be saying the Church is emminant, i.e. it will be one in the future.]

Note 4

a.) Council of Florence Session #22:
"[T]he propositions, and ones similar to them, which the synod declares are contained in the articles condemned at the sacred council of Constance, namely the following. Not all the justified faithful are members of Christ, but only the elect, who finally will reign with Christ for ever. The members of Christ, from whom the church is constituted, are taken according to the ineffable foreknowledge of God; and the church is constituted only from those who are called according to his purpose of election."--condemned


b.) Pope Pius XII, Mystici Corporis, 1943:
# 22,: “Actually only those are to be numbered among the members of the Church who have received the laver of regeneration and profess the true faith.”

#18:"Through the waters of Baptism those who are born into this world dead in sin are not only born again and made members of the Church, but being stamped with a spiritual seal they become able and fit to receive the other Sacraments."


c.) Pope Julius III, Council of Trent, on the Sacraments of Baptism and Penance, Sess. 14, Chap.# 2 :
The Church exercises judgment on no one who has not previously entered it by the gate of baptism.For what have I to do with those who are without (1 Cor. 5:12), says the Apostle.It is otherwise with those of the household of the faith, whom Christ the Lord by the laver of baptism has once made ‘members of his own body’ (1 Cor. 12:13).”

d.) Pope Julius III, Council of Trent, Session 7, On Baptism, Canon 4:
If any one saith, that the baptism which is even given by heretics in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, with the intention of doing what the Church doth, is not true baptism; let him be anathema.
SESSION THE FIFTH, DECREE CONCERNING ORIGINAL SIN #3 ... or if he denies that the said merit of Jesus Christ is applied, both to adults and to infants, by the sacrament of baptism rightly administered in the form of the church; let him be anathema: For there is no other name under heaven given to men, whereby we must be saved. Whence that voice; Behold the lamb of God behold him who takes away the sins of the world; and that other; As many as have been baptized, have put on Christ.

e.)CREDO OF THE PEOPLE OF GOD, Pope Paul VI, 1968, #22:
"In the course of time, the Lord Jesus forms His Church by means of the sacraments emanating from His plenitude. By these she makes her members participants in the Mystery of the Death and Resurrection of Christ, in the grace of the Holy Spirit who gives her life and movement."

Note 5

a.) Pope Eugene IV, Council of Florence,SESSION 8, 1439:
The minister of this sacrament is a priest, who is empowered to baptize in virtue of his office. But in case of necessity not only a priest or a deacon, but even a lay man or a woman, even a pagan and a heretic, can baptize provided he or she uses the form of the church and intends to do what the church does. The effect of this sacrament is the remission of all original and actual guilt, also of all penalty that is owed for that guilt. Hence no satisfaction for past sins is to be imposed on the baptized, but those who die before they incur any guilt go straight to the kingdom of heaven and the vision of God.

b.) Pope Eugene IV, Council of Florence, Session 11, Feb. 4, 1442:
“Regarding children, indeed, because of danger of death, which can often take place, when no help can be brought to them by another remedy than through the sacrament of baptism, through which they are snatched from the domination of the Devil [original sin] and adopted among the sons of God"


c.) The Council of Trent, Fifth Session,DECREE CONCERNING ORIGINAL SIN #4:
"If any one denies, that infants, newly born from their mothers' wombs, even though they be sprung from baptized parents, are to be baptized; or says that they are baptized indeed for the remission of sins, but that they derive nothing of original sin from Adam, which has need of being expiated by the laver of regeneration for the obtaining life everlasting,--whence it follows as a consequence, that in them the form of baptism, for the remission of sins, is understood to be not true, but false, --let him be anathema. For that which the apostle has said, By one man sin entered into the world, and by sin death, and so death passed upon all men in whom all have sinned, is not to be understood otherwise than as the Catholic Church spread everywhere hath always understood it. For, by reason of this rule of faith, from a tradition of the apostles, even infants, who could not as yet commit any sin of themselves, are for this cause truly baptized for the remission of sins, that in them that may be cleansed away by regeneration, which they have contracted by generation. For, unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God."

d.) Pope Martin V, Council of Constance, Session 15, July 6, 1415 - Condemning the articles of John Wyclif - Proposition 6:
“Those who claim that the children of the faithful dying without sacramental baptism will not be saved, are stupid and presumptuous in saying this.” - Condemned

e.) CREDO OF THE PEOPLE OF GOD, Pope Paul VI, 1968, #21:"We believe in one Baptism instituted by our Lord Jesus Christ for the remission of sins. Baptism should be administered even to little children who have not yet been able to be guilty of any personal sin, in order that, though born deprived of supernatural grace, they may be reborn "of water and the Holy Spirit" to the divine life in Christ Jesus."


Note 6

a.) ON CHRISTIAN EDUCATION, RAPPRESENTANTI IN TERRA ENCYCLICAL OF POPE PIUS XI DECEMBER 31, 1929, #39: The Church is indeed conscious of her divine mission to all mankind, and of the obligation which all men have to practice the one true religion; and therefore she never tires of defending her right, and of reminding parents of their duty, to have all Catholic-born children baptized and brought up as Christians. On the other hand so jealous is she of the family's inviolable natural right to educate the children, that she never consents, save under peculiar circumstances and with special cautions, to baptize the children of infidels, or provide for their education against the will of the parents, till such time as the children can choose for themselves and freely embrace the Faith.

And such a family becomes the evangelizer of many other families, and of the neighborhood of which it forms part. Families resulting from a mixed marriage also have the duty of proclaiming Christ to the children in the fullness of the consequences of a common Baptism; they have moreover the difficult task of becoming builders of unity.

b.) Summa,Question 69. art. 6 Baptism: As Augustine says (Serm. clxxvi): "Mother Church lends other feet to the little children that they may come; another heart that they may believe; another tongue that they may confess." So that children believe, not by their own act, but by the faith of the Church, which is applied to them: by the power of which faith, grace and virtues are bestowed on them.
The effects of Baptism -- Faith and charity depend on man's will, yet so that the habits of these and other virtues require the power of the will which is in children; whereas acts of virtue require an act of the will, which is not in children. In this sense Augustine says in the book on Infant Baptism (Ep. xcviii): "The little child is made a believer, not as yet by that faith which depends on the will of the believer, but by the sacrament of faith itself," which causes the habit of faith.

c.) Summa,Question 10: Unbelief in general Article 12:
....on account of the danger to the faith. For children baptized before coming to the use of reason, afterwards when they come to perfect age, might easily be persuaded by their[unbelieving] parents to renounce what they had unknowingly embraced; and this would be detrimental to the faith.

d.) Orestes Brownson.Brownson’s Quarterly Review, Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus, April, 1874:
The church teaches, as we have learned her doctrine, that the infant validly baptized, by whomsoever the baptism is administered, receives in the sacrament the infused habit of faith and sanctity, and that this habit (habitus) suffices for salvation till the child comes to the use of reason; hence all baptized infants dying in infancy are saved. But when arrived at the use of reason, the child needs something beyond this infused habit, and is bound to elicit the act of faith. The habit is not actual faith, and is only a supernatural facility, infused by grace, of eliciting the actual virtue of faith. The habit of sanctity is lost by mortal sin, but the habit of faith, we are told, can be lost only by a positive act of infidelity. This is not strictly true; for , the habit may be lost by the omission to elicit the act of faith,which neither is nor can be elicited out of the Catholic Church; for out of her the credible object, which is Deus revelans et ecclesia proponens, is wanting.


Note 7

a.) Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam, Nov. 18, 1302:
“With Faith urging us we are forced to believe and to hold the one, holy, Catholic Church and that, apostolic, and we firmly believe and simply confess this Church outside of which there is no salvation nor remission of sin… Furthermore, we declare, say, define, and proclaim to every human creature that they by absolute necessity for salvation are entirely subject to the Roman Pontiff.”

b.) Pope Eugene IV, Council of Florence, Session 11, Feb. 4, 1442 :
“Regarding children, indeed, because of danger of death, which can often take place, when no help can be brought to them by another remedy than through the sacrament of baptism, through which they are snatched from the domination of the Devil and adopted among the sons of God, it advises that holy baptism ought not be deferred for forty or eighty days, or any time according to the observance of certain people…”

c.) Pope Leo XII, Quod hoc ineunte (# 8), May 24, 1824:
“We address all of you who are still removed from the true Church and the road to salvation. In this universal rejoicing, one thing is lacking: that having been called by the inspiration of the Heavenly Spirit and having broken every decisive snare, you might sincerely agree with the mother Church, outside of whose teachings there is no salvation.”

d.) Pope Gregory XVI, Mirari Vos (# 13), Aug. 15, 1832:
“Therefore, ‘without a doubt, they will perish forever, unless they hold the Catholic faith whole and inviolate” (Athanasian Creed)

e.) Pope Pius IX, Vatican Council I, 1870, Sess. 4, Chap. 3 :
… all the faithful of Christ must believe that the Apostolic See and the Roman Pontiff hold primacy over the whole world, and the Pontiff of Rome himself is the successor of the blessed Peter, the chief of the apostles, and is the true vicar of Christ and head of the whole Church... Furthermore We teach and declare that the Roman Church, by the disposition of the Lord, holds the sovereignty of ordinary power over all others… This is the doctrine of Catholic truth from which no one can deviate and keep his faith and salvation."

f.) Pope Julius III, Council of Trent, Sess. 14, Chap. 4, On Penance:
“The Council teaches, furthermore, that though it sometimes happens that this contrition is perfect because of charity and reconciles man to God, before this sacrament is actually received, this reconciliation must not be ascribed to the contrition itself without the desire of the sacrament which is included in it.”

g.) St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica, Pt. II-II, Q. 2., A. 7:
“After grace had been revealed, both the learned and simple folk are bound to explicit faith in the mysteries of Christ, chiefly as regards those which are observed throughout the Church, and publicly proclaimed, such as the articles which refer to the Incarnation, of which we have spoken above.”

Note 8

a.)Pope St. Pius X, Acerbo Nimis (# 2), April 15, 1905:
“And so Our Predecessor, Benedict XIV, had just cause to write: ‘We declare that a great number of those who are condemned to eternal punishment suffer that everlasting calamity because of ignorance of those mysteries of faith which must be known and believed in order to be numbered among the elect.’”

b.) Pope Gregory XVI, Summo Iugiter Studio (# 2), May 27, 1832:
“Finally some of these misguided people attempt to persuade themselves and others that men are not saved only in the Catholic religion, but that even heretics may attain eternal life.”

c.) Pope Benedict XV, Humani Generis Redemptionem (# 14), June 15, 1917:
“…‘Ignorance is the mother of all errors,’ as the Fourth Lateran Council so truthfully observes.”

Note 9 -A

a.)Pope Pius IX, Singulari Quadem, #7:
For, it must be held by faith that outside the Apostolic Roman Church, no one can be saved; that this is the only ark of salvation; that he who shall not have entered therein will perish in the flood; but, on the other hand, it is necessary to hold for certain that they who labor in ignorance of the true religion, if this ignorance is invincible, are not stained by any guilt in this matter in the eyes of God.

b.) Pope Pius IX, Quanto Conficiamur Moerore, #7:
“And here, beloved Sons and Venerable Brothers, We should mention again and censure a very grave error in which some Catholics are unhappily engaged, who believe that men living in error, and separated from the true faith and from Catholic unity, can attain eternal life. Indeed, this is certainly quite contrary to Catholic teaching. It is known to us and to you that they who labor in invincible ignorance of our most holy religion AND WHO ZEALOUSLY KEEPING THE NATURAL LAW AND ITS PRECEPTS ENGRAVED IN THE HEARTS OF ALL BY GOD, AND BEING READY TO OBEY GOD, LIVE AN HONEST AND UPRIGHT LIFE, can, by the OPERATING POWER OF DIVINE LIGHT AND GRACE, attain eternal life since God...will by no means suffer anyone to be punished with eternal torment who has not the guilt of deliberate sin.”*(ed.--Oftentimes the word "torment" has been mistranslated "punishment". The reason this is a mistranslation is that the Council of Lyons and the Council of Florence both proclaimed that a person can be lost to hell for only Original Sin, which is not a deliberate sin and only condems a person to the pain of loss of the Beatific Vision but not torment and suffering. This mistranslation would be Pelagianism.)


c.) UBI ARCANO DEI CONSILIO, "On the Peace of Christ in His Kingdom", POPE PIUS XI, 1922:
"We turn Our eyes toward those who, unfortunately in great numbers, are either ignorant of Christ and His Redemption or do not follow in their entirety His teachings, or who are separated from the unity of His Church and thus are without His Fold, although they too have been called by Christ to membership in His Church."


d.) Fr. Francisco de Vitoria, O.P.,16th century Dominican theologian:
“When we postulate invincible ignorance on the subject of baptism or of the Christian faith, it does not follow that a person can be saved without baptism or the Christian faith. For the aborigines to whom no preaching of the faith or Christian religion has come will be damned for mortal sins or for idolatry, but not for the sin of unbelief. As St. Thomas says, however, if they do what in them lies [in their power], accompanied by a good life according to the law of nature, it is consistent with God’s providence that he will illuminate them regarding the name of Christ.”
(De Indis et de Iure Belli Relectiones, ed. E. Nys, tr. J.P. Bates (The Classics of International Law), Washington, 1917, p. 142)

Note 9 -B

a.)Pope Gregory X, Council of Lyons II, 1274: “We define also that… the souls of those who depart this life in actual mortal sin, or in original sin alone, go straightaway to hell, but to undergo punishments of different kinds.”


b.)Pope Eugene IV, Council of Florence, “Letentur coeli,” Sess. 6, July 6, 1439: “We define also that… the souls of those who depart this life in actual mortal sin, or in original sin alone, go straightaway to hell, but to undergo punishments of different kinds.”


Note 10

a.)Pope Benedict XIV, Ex Quo Primum # 61, March 1, 1756:
“The first consideration is that the ceremonies of the Mosaic Law were abrogated by the coming of Christ and that they can no longer be observed without sin after the promulgation of the Gospel.

Note 11

a.) Pope Pius XII, MYSTICI CORPORIS CHRISTI, "On the Mystical Body of Christ", 1943:(ed.--This whole encyclical should be read because it clearifies this point very well.)

#18:Through the waters of Baptism those who are born into this world dead in sin are not only born again and made members of the Church, but being stamped with a spiritual seal they become able and fit to receive the other Sacraments.

#46. We begin with the similarity which we see existing between Head and body...

#60. And now, Venerable Brethren, We come to that part of Our explanation in which We desire to make clear why the Body of Christ, which is the Church, should be called mystical. This name, which is used by many early writers, has the sanction of numerous Pontifical documents. There are several reasons why it should be used; for by it we may distinguish the Body of the Church, which is a Society whose Head and Ruler is Christ, from His physical Body, which, born of the Virgin Mother of God, now sits at the right hand of the Father and is hidden under the Eucharistic veils; and, that which is of greater importance in view of modern errors, this name enables us to distinguish it from any other body, whether in the physical or the moral order.

#61"... as the Son of the Eternal Father came down from heaven for the salvation of us all, He likewise established the body of the Church and enriched it with the divine Spirit to ensure that immortal souls should attain eternal happiness according to the words of the Apostle: "All things are yours; and you are Christ's: and Christ is God's." [115] For the Church exists both for the good of the faithful and for the glory of God and of Jesus Christ whom He sent."

b.) CREDO OF THE PEOPLE OF GOD,Pope Paul VI, 1968 #22:
"In the course of time, the Lord Jesus forms His Church by means of the sacraments emanating from His plenitude. By these she makes her members participants in the Mystery of the Death and Resurrection of Christ, in the grace of the Holy Spirit who gives her life and movement."

c.)CREDO OF THE PEOPLE OF GOD, Pope Paul VI on June 1968 #22:
"We believe in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church built by Jesus Christ on that rock which is Peter. She is the Mystical Body of Christ; at the same time a visible society instituted with hierarchical organs, and a spiritual community; the Church on earth, the pilgrim People of God here below, and the Church filled with heavenly blessings..."

Note 12

a.) POPE LEO XIII, SATIS COGNITUM, "ON THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH", 1896 #3:
For this reason the Church is so often called in Holy Writ a body, and even the body of Christ - "Now you are the body of Christ" (I Cor. xii., 27) - and precisely because it is a body is the Church visible: and because it is the body of Christ is it living and energizing, because by the infusion of His power Christ guards and sustains it, just as the vine gives nourishment and renders fruitful the branches united to it. And as in animals the vital principle is unseen and invisible, and is evidenced and manifested by the movements and action of the members, so the principle of supernatural life in the Church is clearly shown in that which is done by it.

b.) Pope Pius XII, MYSTICI CORPORIS CHRISTI "On the Mystical Body of Christ" , 1943 #14:
Hence they err in a matter of divine truth, who imagine the Church to be invisible, intangible, a something merely "pneumatological" as they say, by which many Christian communities, though they differ from each other in their profession of faith, are united by an invisible bond.

#64. From what We have thus far written and explained, Venerable Brethren, it is clear, We think, how grievously they err who arbitrarily claim that the Church is something hidden and invisible, as they also do who look upon her as a mere human institution possessing a certain disciplinary code and external ritual, but lacking power to communicate supernatural life. On the contrary, as Christ, Head and Exemplar of the Church "is not complete, if only His visible human nature is considered. . ., or if only His divine, invisible nature. . ., but He is one through the union of both and one in both . . . so is it with His Mystical Body" since the Word of God took unto Himself a human nature liable to sufferings, so that He might consecrate in His blood the visible Society founded by Him and "lead man back to things invisible under a visible rule."

#65. For this reason We deplore and condemn the pernicious error of those who dream of an imaginary Church, a kind of society that finds its origin and growth in charity, to which, somewhat contemptuously, they oppose another, which they call juridical. But this distinction which they introduce is false: for they fail to understand that the reason which led our Divine Redeemer to give to the community of man He founded the constitution of a Society, perfect of its kind and containing all the juridical and social elements -namely, that He might perpetuate on earth the saving work of Redemption

#69. Now since its Founder willed this social body of Christ to be visible, the cooperation of all its members must also be externally manifest through their profession the same faith and their sharing the same sacred rites, through participation in the same Sacrifice, and the practical observance of the same laws. Above all, it is absolutely necessary that the Supreme Head, that is, the Vicar of Jesus Christ on earth, be visible to the eyes of all, since it is He who gives effective direction to the work which all do in common in a mutually helpful way towards the attainment of the proposed end. As the Divine Redeemer sent the Paraclete, the Spirit of Truth, who in His name should govern the Church in an invisible way, so, in the same manner, He commissioned Peter and his successors to be His personal representatives on earth and to assume the visible government of the Christian community.


c.) Pope John XXIII, AETERNA DEI SAPIENTIA, 1961 #40:
"But mark this well: unless the faithful remain bound together by the same ties of virtue, worship and sacrament, and all hold fast to the same belief, they cannot be perfectly united with the Divine Redeemer, the universal Head, so as to form with Him one visible and living body. "A whole faith," says St. Leo, "a true faith, is a mighty bulwark. No one can add anything to it, no one can take anything away from it; for unless it is one, it is no faith at all."

d.) "CREDO OF THE PEOPLE OF GOD, Pope Paul VI on June 30, 1968 #22:
..."at the same time a visible society instituted with hierarchical organs, and a spiritual community; the Church on earth, the pilgrim People of God here below, and the Church filled with heavenly" blessings..."

Note 13

a.) POPE PIUS XI, On Atheistic Communism--DIVINI REDEMPTORIS, 1937:
#12. In the Encyclical on Christian Education[10] We explained the fundamental doctrine concerning man as it may be gathered from reason and Faith. Man has a spiritual and immortal soul. He is a person, marvelously endowed by his Creator with gifts of body and mind. He is a true "microcosm," as the ancients said, a world in miniature, with a value far surpassing that of the vast inanimate cosmos. God alone is his last end, in this life and the next. By sanctifying grace he is raised to the dignity of a son of God, and incorporated into the Kingdom of God in the Mystical Body of Christ. In consequence he has been endowed by God with many and varied prerogatives: the right to life, to bodily integrity, to the necessary means of existence; the right to tend toward his ultimate goal in the path marked out for him by God; the right of association and the right to possess and use property.


b.) Pope Pius XII MYSTICI CORPORIS CHRISTI--"On the Mystical Body of Christ," 1943:
#57. To this Spirit of Christ, also, as to an invisible principle is to be ascribed the fact that all the parts of the Body are joined one with the other and with their exalted Head; for He is entire in the Head, entire in the Body, and entire in each of the members. To the members He is present and assists them in proportion to their various duties and offices, and the greater or less degree of spiritual health which they enjoy. It is He who through His heavenly grace is the principle of every supernatural act in all parts of the Body. It is He who while He is personally present and divinely active in all the members, nevertheless in the inferior members acts also through the ministry of the higher members. Finally, while by His grace He provides for the continual growth of the Church, He yet refuses to dwell through sanctifying grace in those members that are wholly severed from the Body. This presence and activity of the Spirit of Jesus Christ is tersely and vigorously described by Our predecessor of immortal memory Leo XIII in his Encyclical Letter Divinum Illud in these words: "Let it suffice to say that, as Christ is the Head of the Church, so is the Holy Spirit her soul."


Note 14-A (Baptism only gate into the Church)

a.) Fr. William Jurgens (A major researcher of the Father's of the Curch)-- "The Faith of the Early Fathers", Vol. 3, pp. 14-15 footnote 31. : “If there were not a constant tradition in the Fathers that the Gospel message of ‘Unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost he cannot enter into the kingdom of God’ is to be taken absolutely, it would be easy to say that Our Savior simply did not see fit to mention the obvious exceptions of invincible ignorance and physical impossibility. But the tradition in fact is there; and it is likely enough to be found so constant as to constitute revelation.”

b.) The Council of Chalcedon - 451 A.D.:
Let him heed what the blessed apostle Peter preaches, that sanctification by the Spirit is effected by the sprinkling of Christ's blood; and let him not skip over the same apostle's words, knowing that you have been redeemed from the empty way of life you inherited from your fathers, not with corruptible gold and silver but by the precious blood of Jesus Christ, as of a lamb without stain or spot. Nor should he withstand the testimony of blessed John the apostle: and the blood of Jesus, the Son of God, purifies us from every sin; and again, This is the victory which conquers the world, our faith. Who is there who conquers the world save one who believes that Jesus is the Son of God ? It is he, Jesus Christ who has come through water and blood, not in water only, but in water and blood. And because the Spirit is truth, it is the Spirit who testifies. For there are three who give testimony--Spirit and water and blood. And the three are one. In other words, the Spirit of sanctification and the blood of redemption and the water of baptism. These three are one and remain indivisible. None of them is separable from its link with the others. The reason is that it is by this faith that the Catholic Church lives and grows, by believing that neither the humanity is without true divinity nor the divinity without true humanity.

c.) Council of Forence SESSION 8 22 November 1439 [Bull of union with the Armenians]:
Three of the sacraments, namely baptism, confirmation and orders, imprint indelibly on the soul a character, that is a kind of stamp which distinguishes it from the rest. Hence they are not repeated in the same person. The other four, however, do not imprint a character and can be repeated.

Holy baptism holds the first place among all the sacraments, for it is the gate of the spiritual life; through it we become members of Christ and of the body of the church. Since death came into the world through one person, unless we are born again of water and the spirit, we cannot, as Truth says, enter the kingdom of heaven. The matter of this sacrament is true and natural water, either hot or cold

d.) Council of Vienna (Given at Avignon on 13 January in the eighth year) DECREES:

# 1.) All are faithfully to profess that there is one baptism which regenerates all those baptized in Christ, just as there is one God and one faith'.....the sacred council, the second opinion, which says that sanctifying grace and the virtues are conferred in baptism on both infants and adults.

#24.) We desire earnestly that holy church should be well supplied with catholic scholars acquainted with the languages most in use by unbelievers. These scholars should know how to train unbelievers in the christian way of life, and to make them members of the christian body through instruction in the faith and reception of sacred baptism.

e.) Council of Trent,CHAPTER IV.Who are justified through Christ.
And this translation[justification], since the promulgation of the Gospel, cannot be effected, without [baptism] the laver of regeneration, or the desire for it, as it is written; unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost, he cannot enter into the Kingdom of God.

f.) Council of Trent--SESSION THE SEVENTH, DECREE ON THE SACRAMENTS
CANON IX.-If any one saith, that, in the three sacrments, Baptism, to wit, Confirmation, and Order, there is not imprinted in the soul a character, that is, a certain spiritual and indelible Sign, on account of which they cannot be repeated; let him be anathema.

g.) Council of Trent--Canons on Baptism:
CANON II.-If any one saith, that true and natural water is not of necessity for baptism, and, on that account, wrests, to some sort of metaphor, those words of our Lord Jesus Christ; Unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost; let him be anathema.

CANON V.-If any one saith, that baptism is free, that is, not necessary unto salvation; let him be anathema.

h.) Council of Trent--On the difference between the Sacrament of Penance and that of Baptism:
For the rest, this sacrament is clearly seen to be different from baptism in many respects: for besides that it is very widely different indeed in matter and form, which constitute the essence of a sacrament, it is beyond doubt certain that the minister of baptism need not be a judge, seeing that the Church exercises judgment on no one who has not entered therein through the gate of baptism. For, what have I, saith the apostle, to do to judge them that are without?

i.) Pope Pius XII, MYSTICI CORPORIS CHRISTI-- "On the Mystical Body of Christ,"1943:
#18. Now we see that the human body is given the proper means to provide for its own life, health and growth, and for that of all its members. Similarly the Savior of mankind out of His infinite goodness has provided in a wonderful way for His Mystical Body, endowing it with the Sacraments, so that, as though by an uninterrupted series of graces, its members should be sustained from birth to death, and that generous provision might be made for the social needs of the Church. Through the waters of Baptism those who are born into this world dead in sin are not only born again and made members of the Church, but being stamped with a spiritual seal they become able and fit to receive
the other Sacraments.

#22. Actually only those are to be included as members of the Church who have been baptized and profess the true faith, and who have not been so unfortunate as to separate themselves from the unity of the Body, or been excluded by legitimate authority for grave faults committed. "For in one spirit" says the Apostle, "were we all baptized into one Body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free." [17] As therefore in the true Christian community there is only one Body, one Spirit, one Lord, and one Baptism, so there can be only one faith. [18] And therefore if a man refuse to hear the Church let him be considered -- so the Lord commands -- as a heathen and a publican. [19] It follows that those are divided in faith or government cannot be living in the unity of such a Body, nor can they be living the life of its one Divine Spirit.

# 27)------- “He (Christ) also determined that through Baptism (cf. Jn. 3:5) those who should believe would be incorporated in the Body of the Church.”

#69. Now since its Founder willed this social body of Christ to be visible, the cooperation of all its members must also be externally manifest through their profession the same faith and their sharing the same sacred rites, through participation in the same Sacrifice, and the practical observance of the same laws. Above all, it is absolutely necessary that the Supreme Head, that is, the Vicar of Jesus Christ on earth, be visible to the eyes of all, since it is He who gives effective direction to the work which all do in common in a mutually helpful way towards the attainment of the proposed end. As the Divine Redeemer sent the Paraclete, the Spirit of Truth, who in His name should govern the Church in an invisible way, so, in the same manner, He commissioned Peter and his successors to be His personal representatives on earth and to assume the visible government of the Christian community.

j.) Pope Pius XII, MEDIATOR DEI--On the Sacred Liturgy, 1947:
#43. In the same way, actually that baptism is the distinctive mark of all Christians, and serves to differentiate them from those who have not been cleansed in this purifying stream and consequently are not members of Christ.


note 14 -B ( cont.--Holding the True Catholic Faith is necessary)

a.) Council of Trent, Chapter VII, Justification:
the instrumental cause is the sacrament of baptism, which is the sacrament of faith, without which (faith) no man was ever justified; lastly, the alone formal cause is the justice of God, not that whereby He Himself is just, but that whereby He maketh us just, that, to wit, with which we being endowed by Him, are renewed in the spirit of our mind, and we are not only reputed, but are truly called, and are, just, receiving justice within us, each one according to his own measure, which the Holy Ghost distributes to every one as He wills, and according to each one's proper disposition and co-operation. For, although no one can be just, but he to whom the merits of the Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ are communicated,

b.) Pope Leo XII, Ubi Primum #14. May 5, 1824:
“It is impossible for the most true God, who is Truth itself, the best, the wisest Provider, and the Rewarder of good men, to approve all sects who profess false teachings which are often inconsistent with one another and contradictory, and to confer eternal rewards on their members… by divine faith we hold one Lord, one faith, one baptism… This is why we profess that there is no salvation outside the Church.”

c.) Pope Gregory XVI, Mirari Vos #13. Aug. 15, 1832:
“With the admonition of the apostle, that ‘there is one God, one faith, one baptism’ (Eph. 4:5), may those fear who contrive the notion that the safe harbor of salvation is open to persons of any religion whatever. They should consider the testimony of Christ Himself that ‘those who are not with Christ are against Him,’ (Lk. 11:23) and that they disperse unhappily who do not gather with Him. Therefore, ‘without a doubt, they will perish forever, unless they hold the Catholic faith whole and inviolate (Athanasian Creed).

d.) Pope Gregory XVI, Summo Iugiter Studio, 1832:
#5.You know how zealously Our predecessors taught that very article of faith which these dare to deny, namely the necessity of the Catholic faith and of unity for salvation. The words of that celebrated disciple of the apostles, martyred St. Ignatius, in his letter to the Philadelphians are relevant to this matter: "Be not deceived, my brother; if anyone follows a schismatic, he will not attain the inheritance of the kingdom of God." Moreover, St. Augustine and the other African bishops who met in the Council of Cirta in the year 412 explained the same thing at greater length: "Whoever has separated himself from the Catholic Church, no matter how laudably he lives, will not have eternal life, but has earned the anger of God because of this one crime: that he abandoned his union with Christ."

Omitting other appropriate passages which are almost numberless in the writings of the Fathers, We shall praise St. Gregory the Great who expressly testifies that this indeed is the teaching of the Catholic Church. He says: "The holy universal Church teaches that it is not possible to worship God truly except in her and asserts that all who are outside of her will not be saved." Official acts of the Church proclaim the same dogma. Thus, in the decree on faith which Innocent III published with the synod of Lateran IV, these things are written: "There is one universal Church of all the faithful outside of which no one is saved." Finally the same dogma is also expressly mentioned in the profession of faith proposed by the Apostolic See, not only that which all Latin churches use, but also that which the Greek Orthodox Church uses and that which other Eastern Catholics use. We did not mention these selected testimonies because We thought you were ignorant of that article of faith and in need of Our instruction. Far be it from Us to have such an absurd and insulting suspicion about you. But We are so concerned about this serious and well known dogma, which has been attacked with such remarkable audacity, that We could not restrain Our pen from reinforcing this truth with many testimonies.


e.) Pope Pius IX, Ubi primum (# 10), June 17, 1847:
“For ‘there is one universal Church outside of which no one at all is saved; it contains regular and secular prelates along with those under their jurisdiction, who all profess one Lord, one faith and one baptism.”

f.) Pope Pius IX, Nostis et Nobiscum (# 10), Dec. 8, 1849:
“In particular, ensure that the faithful are deeply and thoroughly convinced of the truth of the doctrine that the Catholic faith is necessary for attaining salvation. (This doctrine, received from Christ and emphasized by the Fathers and Councils, is also contained in the formulae of the profession of faith used by Latin, Greek and Oriental Catholics).”

g.) Pope Pius IX, Syllabus of Modern Errors, Dec. 8, 1864 - Proposition 16:
“Man may, in the observance of any religion whatever, find the way of eternal salvation, and arrive at eternal salvation.”

h.) ATIS COGNITUM--ON THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH--ENCYCLICAL OF POPE LEO XIII--JUNE 29, 1896:

#9....If then it be certain that anything is revealed by God, and this is not believed, then nothing whatever is believed by divine Faith: for what the Apostle St. James judges to be the effect of a moral delinquency, the same is to be said of an erroneous opinion in the matter of faith. "Whosoever shall offend in one point, is become guilty of all" (Ep. James ii., 10). Nay, it applies with greater force to an erroneous opinion. For it can be said with less truth that every law is violated by one who commits a single sin, since it may be that he only virtually despises the majesty of God the Legislator. But he who dissents even in one point from divinely revealed truth absolutely rejects all faith, since he thereby refuses to honour God as the supreme truth and the formal motive of faith. "In many things they are with me, in a few things not with me; but in those few things in which they are not with me the many things in which they are will not profit them" (S. Augustinus in Psal. liv., n. 19).


i.) Pope St. Pius X, Iucunda Sane , # 9:

"We, strengthened by this faith, firmly established on this rock, realizing to the full all the heavy duties that the Primacy imposes on Us-but also all the vigor that comes to Us from the Divine Will -- calmly wait until all the voices be scattered to the winds that now shout around Us proclaiming that the Church has gone beyond her time, that her doctrines are passed away for ever, that the day is at hand when she will be condemned either to accept the tenets of a godless science and civilization or to disappear from human society. Yet at the same time We cannot but remind all, great and small, as Pope St. Gregory did, of the absolute necessity of having recourse to this Church in order to have eternal salvation, to follow the right road of reason, to feed on the truth, to obtain peace and even happiness in this life."

j.) Pope St. Pius X, Editae Saepe,
May 26, 1910:
#21. "The primary and most important duty of pastors is to guard everything pertaining to the integral and inviolate maintenance of the Catholic Faith, the faith which the Holy Roman Church professes and teaches, without which it is impossible to please God."

#29. : “The Church alone possesses together with her magisterium the power of governing and sanctifying human society. Through her ministers and servants (each in his own station and office), she confers on mankind suitable and necessary means of salvation.”

k.) Pope Pius XI, Mortalium Animos, 1928: # 11 :

“The Catholic Church is alone in keeping the true worship. This is the fount of truth, this is the house of faith, this is the temple of God: if any man enter not here, or if any man go forth from it, he is a stranger to the hope of life and salvation.”

l.)Response of the Sacred Office to the Bishop of Quebec , Jan. 25, 1703:

“Q. Whether a minister is bound, before baptism is conferred on an adult, to explain to him all the mysteries of our faith, especially if he is at the point of death, because this might disturb his mind.
Or, whether it is sufficient, if the one at the point of death will promise that when he recovers from the illness, he will take care to be instructed, so that he might put into practice what has been commanded him.

"A. A promise is not sufficient, but a missionary is bound to explain to an adult, even a dying one who is not entirely incapacitated, the mysteries of faith which are necessary by a necessity of means, as are especially the mysteries of the Trinity and the Incarnation.”

Response of the Sacred Office to the Bishop of , Jan. 25, 1703:
“Q. Whether it is possible for a crude and uneducated adult, as it might be with a barbarian, to be baptized, if there were given him only an understanding of God and some of His attributes… although he does not believe explicitly in Jesus Christ.A missionary should not baptize one who does not believe explicitly in the Lord Jesus Christ, but is bound to instruct him about all those matters which are necessary, by a necessity of means, in accordance with the capacity of the one to be baptized.” ( cont.--Submission to Vicar of Christ)


Note 14 C (subject to the Holy Father)
a.) Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam, 1302:
“With Faith urging us we are forced to believe and to hold the one, holy, Catholic Church and that, apostolic, and we firmly believe and simply confess this Church outside of which there is no salvation nor remission of sin… Furthermore, we declare, say, define, and proclaim to every human creature that they by absolute necessity for salvation are entirely subject to the Roman Pontiff.”

b.) Pope Leo XIII, Nobilissima, 1884:
#3.“The Church, guardian of the integrity of the Faith – which, in virtue of its authority, deputed from God its Founder, has to call all nations to the knowledge of Christian lore, and which is consequently bound to watch keenly over the teaching and upbringing of the children placed under its authority by baptism…”

c.) Pope Julius III, Council of Trent, On the Sacraments of Baptism and Penance, Sess. 14, Chap. 2:
“… since the Church exercises judgment on no one who has not previously entered it by the gate of baptism. For what have I to do with those who are without (1 Cor. 5:12), says the Apostle. It is otherwise with those of the household of the faith, whom Christ the Lord by the laver of baptism has once made ‘members of his own body’ (1 Cor. 12:13).”

d.) Pope Benedict XIV--Ex Quo--ON THE EUCHOLOGION, 1756
#13. The clear result of all this is that the Latin and Greek churches agree in recognizing and affirming that the commemoration implies a profession of due subjection to the Roman pontiff as head of the Church, and of a willingness to remain in the unity of the Church. On the other hand the omission of this commemoration signifies the intention of steadfastly espousing schism.

e.) First Vatican Council--Chapter 2. On the permanence of the primacy of blessed Peter in the Roman pontiffs:
#1. That which our lord Jesus Christ, the prince of shepherds and great shepherd of the sheep, established in the blessed apostle Peter, for the continual salvation and permanent benefit of the church, must of necessity remain forever, by Christ's authority, in the church which, founded as it is upon a rock, will stand firm until the end of time....

#4 For this reason it has always been necessary for every church--that is to say the faithful throughout the world--to be in agreement with the Roman church because of its more effective leadership. In consequence of being joined, as members to head, with that see, from which the rights of sacred communion flow to all, they will grow together into the structure of a single body.

#5 Therefore, if anyone says that it is not by the institution of Christ the lord himself (that is to say, by divine law) that blessed Peter should have perpetual successors in the primacy over the whole church; or that the Roman pontiff is not the successor of blessed Peter in this primacy:let him be anathema.

f.) First Vatican Council--Chapter 3. On the power and character of the primacy of the Roman pontiff:
#2. Wherefore we teach and declare that, by divine ordinance,the Roman church possesses a pre-eminence of ordinary power over every other church, and that this jurisdictional power of the Roman pontiff is both episcopal and immediate. Both clergy and faithful, of whatever rite and dignity, both singly and collectively, are bound to submit to this power by the duty of hierarchical subordination and true obedience, and this not only in matters concerning faith and morals, but also in those which regard the discipline and government of the church throughout the world.

#4. This is the teaching of the catholic truth, and no one can depart from it without endangering his faith and salvation.

#9. So, then,if anyone says that the Roman pontiff has merely an office of supervision and guidance, and not the full and supreme power of jurisdiction over the whole church, and this not only in matters of faith and morals, but also in those which concern the discipline and government of the church dispersed throughout the whole world; or that he has only the principal part, but not the absolute fullness, of this supreme power; or that this power of his is not ordinary and immediate both over all and each of the churches and over all and each of the pastors and faithful: let him be anathema.

g.) POPE PAUL VI -- Vatican II-- LUMEN GENTIUM
Christ, present to us in His Body, which is the Church, is the one Mediator and the unique way of salvation. In explicit terms He Himself affirmed the necessity of faith and baptism(124) and thereby affirmed also the necessity of the Church, for through baptism as through a door men enter the Church. Whosoever, therefore, knowing that the Catholic Church was made necessary by Christ, would refuse to enter or to remain in it, could not be saved.

Note 15

a.) Apostolica Constitutio--ON PREPARATION FOR THE HOLY YEAR
Pope Benedict XIV of June 26, 1749:
#14. We feel it is appropriate to reproduce here the constitution which Leo X promulgated: "We indicate to you by the present document that the Roman Pontiff can forgive sin and can remove the punishment due to actual sins by means of the sacrament of Penance, and the temporal punishment by means of ecclesiastical indulgence. He can for reasonable causes grant indulgences to the faithful who are members of Christ, be they in this life or in Purgatory. The Church can, by Apostolic authority, grant an indulgence both for the living and the dead. It is accustomed both to confer the indulgence itself by way of absolution and to transfer it by way of prayer; accordingly all, both living and dead, who have obtained these indulgences are freed from as much temporal punishment due to their actual sins as corresponds to the indulgence which was granted and acquired. We decree etc. by Our Apostolic authority etc. that this doctrine must be held and preached by all."

b.) Indulgentiarum Doctrina--APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTION ON INDULGENCES
Solemnly Promulgated By His Holiness, Pope Paul VI On January 1, 1967, #10:
The salutary institution of indulgences therefore contributes in its own way to bringing it about that the Church appear before Christ without blemish or defect, but holy and immaculate, admirably united with Christ in the supernatural bond of charity. Since in fact by means of indulgences members of the Church who are undergoing purification are united more speedily to those of the Church in heaven, the kingdom of Christ is through these same indulgences established more extensively and more speedily "until we all attain to the unity of the faith and of the deep knowledge of the Son of God, to perfect manhood, to the mature measure of the fullness of Christ."

Note 16

a.) UNAM SANCTAM--Bull of Pope Boniface VIII-- November 18, 1302:
#1.:Urged by faith, we are obliged to believe and to maintain that the Church is one, holy, catholic, and also apostolic. We believe in her firmly and we confess with simplicity that outside of her there is neither salvation nor the remission of sins, as the Spouse in the Canticles [Sgs 6:8] proclaims: 'One is my dove, my perfect one. She is the only one, the chosen of her who bore her,' and she represents one sole mystical body whose Head is Christ and the head of Christ is God [1 Cor 11:3]. In her then is one Lord, one faith, one baptism [Eph 4:5]. There had been at the time of the deluge only one ark of Noah, prefiguring the one Church, which ark, having been finished to a single cubit, had only one pilot and guide, i.e., Noah, and we read that, outside of this ark, all that subsisted on the earth was destroyed.


b.) ON HIS SACERDOTAL JUBILEE--QUOD ANNIVERSARIUS--Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII promulgated on April 1, 1888:
#3.:We have not been wanting in imploring the succors of divine mercy in favor of those who are outside the ark of salvation whereby We hope to obtain that all nations and all peoples, united in the faith by the bond of charity may soon form one flock under one shepherd.

c.) SINGULARI QUIDEM--ON THE CHURCH IN AUSTRIA--ENCYCLICAL OF POPE PIUS IX--MARCH 17, 1856:
#5.: Divine worship consists in these two things: pious doctrines and good works, in such a way that doctrines without good works cannot please God, nor does God accept works divorced from religious doctrines. The narrow and difficult path which leads to life can be found not in the practice of the virtues alone or in the observance of precepts, but on the way of faith.[6] Constantly arouse your faithful people so that they will persevere ever more firmly and constantly in the profession of the Catholic religion. Let them likewise endeavor to assure their calling and their election by means of good works. While you work at the salvation of your flock, strive also, in all goodness, patience, and teaching, to recall the unfortunate strays to the one fold of Christ and to Catholic unity. Address to them especially these words of St. Augustine: "Come, brothers, if you wish, so that you may be grafted to the vine. We are saddened to see you thus cut off and lying so. Count the bishops who have occupied the See of Peter; see this uninterrupted succession of popes. See the rock against which the powers of hell will not be able to prevail."[7] "Whoever eats the lamb outside of this house is an impious person. Whoever is not in Noah's ark will perish in the flood."


Note 17

a.) TRADITI HUMILITATI--ON HIS PROGRAM FOR THE PONTIFICATE--ENCYCLICAL OF POPE PIUS VIII--MAY 24, 1829:

#4. Among these heresies belongs that foul contrivance of the sophists of this age who do not admit any difference among the different professions of faith and who think that the portal of eternal salvation opens for all from any religion. They, therefore, label with the stigma of levity and stupidity those who, having abandoned the religion which they learned, embrace another of any kind, even Catholicism. This is certainly a monstrous impiety which assigns the same praise and the mark of the just and upright man to truth and to error, to virtue and to vice, to goodness and to turpitude. Indeed this deadly idea concerning the lack of difference among religions is refuted even by the light of natural reason. We are assured of this because the various religions do not often agree among themselves. If one is true, the other must be false; there can be no society of darkness with light. Against these experienced sophists the people must be taught that the profession of the Catholic faith is uniquely true, as the apostle proclaims: one Lord, one faith, one baptism. Jerome used to say it this way: he who eats the lamb outside this house will perish as did those during the flood who were not with Noah in the ark. Indeed, no other name than the name of Jesus is given to men, by which they may be saved. He who believes shall be saved; he who does not believe shall be condemned.

b.) COMMISSUM DIVINITUS--ON CHURCH AND STATE--ENCYCLICAL OF POPE GREGORY XVI--MAY 17, 1835:
#11. In the words of St. Leo, who continues speaking about the Holy See of Peter: "It is necessary that the Church throughout the world be united and cleave to the center of Catholic unity and ecclesiastical communion, so that whoever dares to depart from the unity of Peter might understand that he no longer shares in the divine mystery." St. Jerome adds: "Whoever eats the lamb outside of this house is unholy. Those who were not in the ark of Noah perished in the flood." Just as he who does not gather with Christ, so he who does not gather with Christ's Vicar on earth, clearly scatters. How can someone who destroys the holy authority of the Vicar of Christ and who infringes on his rights gather with him? It is through these rights that the pope is the center of unity, that he has the primacy of order and jurisdiction, and that he has the full power of nurturing, ruling, and governing the universal Church.

c.) SINGULARI QUIDEM--ON THE CHURCH IN AUSTRIA--ENCYCLICAL OF POPE PIUS IX--MARCH 17, 1856
#5.: "Whoever eats the lamb outside of this house is an impious person."

d.) Summa Part III: Question 64. The causes of the sacraments Article 9:
Whether faith is required of necessity in the minister of a sacrament?
Reply to Objection 2. Some heretics in conferring sacraments do not observe the form prescribed by the Church: and these confer neither the sacrament nor the reality of the sacrament. But some do observe the form prescribed by the Church: and these confer indeed the sacrament but not the reality. I say this in the supposition that they are outwardly cut off from the Church; because from the very fact that anyone receives the sacraments from them, he sins; and consequently is hindered from receiving the effect of the sacrament. Wherefore Augustine (Fulgentius, De Fide ad Pet.) says: "Be well assured and have no doubt whatever that those who are baptized outside the Church, unless they come back to the Church, will reap disaster from their Baptism." In this sense Pope Leo says that "the light of the sacraments was extinguished in the Church of Alexandria"; viz. in regard to the reality of the sacrament, not as to the sacrament itself.


e.) Summa, St. Thomas Aquanis.--Whether heretics and those who are cut off from the Church can confer Orders? [*Cf. TP, Q[64], AA[5],9

f.) Reply to Objection 1: The effect of absolution is nothing else but the forgiveness of sins which results from grace, and consequently a heretic cannot absolve, as neither can he confer grace in the sacraments. Moreover in order to give absolution it is necessary to have jurisdiction, which one who is cut off from the Church has not.

g.) Reply to Objection 3: Those who are ordained by heretics, although they receive an Order, do not receive the exercise thereof, so as to minister lawfully in their Orders, for the very reason indicated in the Objection.(--Further, in no community can one who is expelled therefrom dispose of the offices of the community. Now Orders are offices of the Church.)


Note 18

a.) Singulari Quadam--THE SYLLABUS OF ERRORS CONDEMNED BY PIUS IX (December 9, 1854), an Allocution:

". . . those who are affected by ignorance of the true religion, if it is invincible ignorance, are not subject to any guilt in this matter before the eyes of the Lord."

Singulari Quidem (March 17, 1856), an Encyclical to the Austrian Episcopate:

". . . the Catholic Church . . . is the temple of God, outside of which, except with the excuse of invincible ignorance, there is no hope of life or salvation."

Quanto Conficiamur Moerore (August 10, 1863), an Encyclical to the Italian Episcopate:

". . . they who labor in invincible ignorance of our most holy religion and who . . . live an honest and upright life, can, by the operating power of divine light and grace, attain eternal life, since God . . . will by no means suffer anyone to be punished with eternal torment who has not the guilt of deliberate sin."


b.) SATIS COGNITUM--ON THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH--ENCYCLICAL OF POPE LEO XIII--JUNE 29, 1896:
#2: Although God can do by His own power all that is effected by created natures, nevertheless in the counsels of His loving Providence He has preferred to help men by the instrumentality of men. And, as in the natural order He does not usually give full perfection except by means of man's work and action, so also He makes use of human aid for that which lies beyond the limits of nature, that is to say, for the sanctification and salvation of souls.

c.) HUMANI GENERIS--ENCYCLICAL OF POPE PIUS XII-- CONCERNING SOME FALSE OPINIONS THREATENING TO UNDERMINE THE FOUNDATIONS OF CATHOLIC DOCTRINE AUGUST 12, 1950:

#4. Furthermore the human intelligence sometimes experiences difficulties in forming a judgment about the credibility of the Catholic faith, notwithstanding the many wonderful external signs God has given, which are sufficient to prove with certitude by the natural light of reason alone the divine origin of the Christian religion. For man can, whether from prejudice or passion or bad faith, refuse and resist not only the evidence of the external proofs that are available, but also the impulses of actual grace.

d.) DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH
LUMEN GENTIUM--SOLEMNLY PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS
POPE PAUL VI--ON NOVEMBER 21, 1964:
#13:All men are called to be part of this catholic unity of the people of God which in promoting universal peace presages it. And there belong to or are related to it in various ways, the Catholic faithful, all who believe in Christ, and indeed the whole of mankind, for all men are called by the [actual] grace of God to salvation.

#16:Nor does Divine Providence deny the helps necessary for salvation to those who, without blame on their part, have not yet arrived at an explicit knowledge of God and with His grace strive to live a good life. Whatever good or truth is found amongst them is looked upon by the Church as a preparation for the Gospel.

Note 19

a.) Council of Vienne 1311-1312 A.D.--pope Clement V
Given at Vienne on 22 March in the seventh year of our pontificate:
For an everlasting record. It belongs to Christ's vicar, exercising his vigilant care from the apostolic watch-tower, to judge the changing conditions of the times, to examine the causes of the affairs which crop up and to observe the characters of the people concerned. In this way he can give due consideration to each affair and act opportunely; he can tear out the thistles of vice from the field of the Lord so that virtue may increase; and he can remove the thorns of false dealing so as to plant rather than to destroy. He transfers slips dedicated to God into the places left empty by the eradication of the harmful thistles. By thus transferring and uniting in a provident and profitable way, he brings a joy greater than the harm he has caused to the people uprooted; true justice has compassion for sorrow. By enduring the harm and replacing it profitably, he increases the growth of the virtues and rebuilds what has been destroyed with something better.

b.) Pius IX--Vatican I-- Session 3--Chapter 2 ,On Revelation:
#5:"Now this supernatural revelation, according to the belief of the universal church, as declared by the sacred council of Trent, is contained in written books and unwritten traditions,
which were
* received by the apostles from the lips of Christ himself,
* or came to the apostles by the dictation of the holy Spirit,
* and were passed on as it were from hand to hand until they reached us."

#8 Now since the decree on the interpretation of holy scripture, profitably made by the council of Trent, with the intention of constraining rash speculation, has been wrongly interpreted by some, we renew that decree and declare its meaning to be as follows: that

* in matters of faith and morals,
* belonging as they do to the establishing of christian doctrine,
* that meaning of holy scripture must be held to be the true one,
* which holy mother church held and holds,
since it is her right to judge of the true meaning and interpretation of holy scripture.

#9 In consequence, it is not permissible for anyone to interpret holy scripture in a sense contrary to this, or indeed against the unanimous consent of the fathers.




Note 20
a.) HUMANI GENERIS- POPE PIUS XII CONCERNING SOME FALSE OPINIONS THREATENING TO UNDERMINE THE FOUNDATIONS OF CATHOLIC DOCTRINE AUGUST 12, 1950 #21: It is also true that theologians must always return to the sources of divine revelation: for it belongs to them to point out how the doctrine of the living Teaching Authority is to be found either explicitly or implicitly in the Scriptures and in Tradition.[4] Besides, each source of divinely revealed doctrine contains so many rich treasures of truth, that they can really never be exhausted. Hence it is that theology through the study of its sacred sources remains ever fresh; on the other hand, speculation which neglects a deeper search into the deposit of faith, proves sterile, as we know from experience. But for this reason even positive theology cannot be on a par with merely historical science. For, together with the sources of positive theology God has given to His Church a living Teaching Authority to elucidate and explain what is contained in the deposit of faith only obscurely and implicitly. This deposit of faith our Divine Redeemer has given for authentic interpretation not to each of the faithful, not even to theologians, but only to the Teaching Authority of the Church. But if the Church does exercise this function of teaching, as she often has through the centuries, either in the ordinary or extraordinary way, it is clear how false is a procedure which would attempt to explain what is clear by means of what is obscure. Indeed the very opposite procedure must be used. Hence Our Predecessor of immortal memory, Pius IX, teaching that the most noble office of theology is to show how a doctrine defined by the Church is contained in the sources of revelation, added these words, and with very good reason: "in that sense in which it has been defined by the Church."

Note 21

(This Council finds the documents of Lamentabili Sane and Pascendi Dominici Gregis against the Modernest Heresy by Holy Pope Pius X, of happy memory, so excellent in this currant crisis that the Council would like to reinvigorate these document as being very pure in their holy teachings of the Faith and very correct in what they condemns.)


SYLLABUS CONDEMNING THE ERRORS OF THE MODERNISTS--LAMENTABILI SANE--Pius X July 3, 1907:
#22. The dogmas the Church holds out as revealed are not truths which have fallen from heaven. They are an interpretation of religious facts which the human mind has acquired by laborious effort.=Condemned

#23. Opposition may, and actually does, exist between the facts narrated in Sacred Scripture and the Church's dogmas which rest on them. Thus the critic may reject as false facts the Church holds as most certain.=Condemned

#24. The exegete who constructs premises from which it follows that dogmas are historically false or doubtful is not to be reproved as long as he does not directly deny the dogmas themselves .=Condemned

#25. The assent of faith ultimately rests on a mass of probabilities .=Condemned

#26. The dogmas of the Faith are to be held only according to their practical sense; that is to say, as preceptive norms of conduct and not as norms of believing. =Condemned


Note 22

ATIS COGNITUM--ON THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH--ENCYCLICAL OF POPE LEO XIII--JUNE 29, 1896:
#9....If then it be certain that anything is revealed by God, and this is not believed, then nothing whatever is believed by divine Faith: for what the Apostle St. James judges to be the effect of a moral delinquency, the same is to be said of an erroneous opinion in the matter of faith. "Whosoever shall offend in one point, is become guilty of all" (Ep. James ii., 10). Nay, it applies with greater force to an erroneous opinion. For it can be said with less truth that every law is violated by one who commits a single sin, since it may be that he only virtually despises the majesty of God the Legislator. But he who dissents even in one point from divinely revealed truth absolutely rejects all faith, since he thereby refuses to honour God as the supreme truth and the formal motive of faith. "In many things they are with me, in a few things not with me; but in those few things in which they are not with me the many things in which they are will not profit them" (S. Augustinus in Psal. liv., n. 19).